In Huaca Prieta, five thousand years ago fishermen and shellfish pickers complemented a marine economy extractive character with new experiences linked to the domestication of plants.
These early agricultural experiments boosted the development of ancient Huaca Prieta fishing industry. The domestication of cotton, for example, allowed them to refine and strengthen networks and fishing twines; pumpkin served as flotation element for networks. Their food, based on fish, crab, sea urchin and other extracted mollusks, supplemented thereafter with new crops such as chili, lima beans and Chira. Thus Huaca Prieta marked the emergence of an economy and a cosmology based on water (sea and river). The first images produced by its inhabitants combined value of sea with mountain crabs and seabirds, along with condors and snakes. Presumably they were among the first manifestations of a way of seeing and appropriating the landscape.